Test of English as a Foreign Language is a standardized test to measure the English language ability of non-native speakers wishing to enroll in English-speaking universities. The test is accepted by many English-speaking academic and professional institutions. TOEFL is one of the two major English-language tests in the world, the other being the IELTS. TOEFL is a trademark of the Educational Testing Service (ETS), a private non-profit organization, which designs and administers the tests. ETS issues official score reports, sent independently to institutions, for two years following the test. Since its introduction in late 2005, the TOEFL Internet-based Test (IBT) format has progressively replaced the computer-based tests (CBT) and paper-based tests (PBT), although paper-based testing is still used in select areas. The TOEFL IBT test has been introduced in phases, with the United States, Canada, France, Germany, and Italy in 2005 and the rest of the world in 2006, with test centers added regularly. The CBT was discontinued in September 2006 and these scores are no longer valid. Like any standardized language testing system, TOEFL, IBT which is conducted online evaluated a test taker’s receptive & expressive skills through four modules-reading, listening, writing and speaking. Each of the modules is tested on a scale of 0 to 30. Therefore, the total scores received range from 0 to 120. The test is taken on fixed dates at ETS-authorized internet based testing centers. Most areas where the test is offered have 30 to 40 administrations per years, the numbers of which depends on both the capacity of the test centers and the volume of the candidates. Format of TOEFL,IBT is mention below.
Task Description Approximate Time
Reading 3–5 passages, each containing 12–14 questions 60–80 minutes
Listening 6–9 passages, each containing 5–6 questions 60–90 minutes
Break Mandatory break 10 minutes
Speaking 6 tasks 20 minutes
Writing 2 tasks 50 minutes
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